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Zeina Rahwanji
Gr. 4

Roses are one of the most romantic and wonderfully scented of flowers. The giving of roses is steeped in tradition and cultural meaning, from the yellow rose of friendship to the deep red rose of true love.




The Hippopotamus:

This African animal looks and acts much like a pig. The big difference is their sizes: the hippo is huge! Much like the prehistoric brontosaurus, the hippo is much more comfortable in the water than on land. That's why this animal's name is Greek for "Water-horse".

The hippopotamus is a strange animal. It cannot let its skin dry out, and its sweat is blood-red. Hippos are normally found in large groups; sometimes these groups have as many as 100 members. At night, hippos often wander ashore to feast on the grass that grows beside the river.

Being so big and having an even bigger temper, a hippo may not be the best pet to keep in your local swimming pool!




June 2012
issue # 3


10 Things Science Says Will Make You Happy
Nourhan Ayoub
Gr. 4

In the last few years, psychologists and researchers have been digging up hard data on a question previously left to philosophers: What makes us happy? Researchers like the father-son team Ed Diener and Robert Biswas-Diener, Stanford psychologist Sonja Lyubomirsky, and ethicist Stephen Post have studied people all over the world to find out how things like money, attitude, culture, memory, health, altruism, and our day-to-day habits affect our well-being. The emerging field of positive psychology is bursting with new findings that suggest your actions can have a significant effect on your happiness and satisfaction with life. Here are 10 scientifically proven strategies for getting happy

Savor Everyday Moments
Pause now and then to smell a rose or watch children at play. Study participants who took time to “savor” ordinary events that they normally hurried through, or to think back on pleasant moments from their day, “showed significant increases in happiness and reductions in depression,” says psychologist Sonja Lyubomirsky

 Avoid Comparisons
While keeping up with the Joneses is part of American culture, comparing ourselves with others can be damaging to happiness and self-esteem. Instead of comparing ourselves to others, focusing on our own personal achievement leads to greater satisfaction, according to Lyubomirsky.

Put Money Low on the List
People who put money high on their priority list are more at risk for depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem, according to researchers Tim Kasser and Richard Ryan. Their findings hold true across nations and cultures. “The more we seek satisfactions in material goods, the less we find them there,” Ryan says. “The satisfaction has a short half-life—it’s very fleeting.” Money-seekers also score lower on tests of vitality and self-actualization

Have Meaningful Goals
“People who strive for something significant, whether it’s learning a new craft or raising moral children, are far happier than those who don’t have strong dreams or aspirations,” say Ed Diener and Robert Biswas-Diener. “As humans, we actually require a sense of meaning to thrive.” Harvard’s resident happiness professor, Tal Ben-Shahar, agrees, “Happiness lies at the intersection between pleasure and meaning. Whether at work or at home, the goal is to engage in activities that are both personally significant and enjoyable

Take Initiative at Work
How happy you are at work depends in part on how much initiative you take. Researcher Amy Wrzesniewski says that when we express creativity, help others, suggest improvements, or do additional tasks on the job, we make our work more rewarding and feel more in control

Make Friends, Treasure Family
Happier people tend to have good families, friends, and supportive relationships, say Diener and Biswas-Diener. But it’s not enough to be the life of the party if you’re surrounded by shallow acquaintances. “We don’t just need relationships, we need close ones” that involve understanding and caring.

 Smile Even When You Don’t Feel Like ItIt sounds simple, but it works. “Happy people…see possibilities, opportunities, and success. When they think of the future, they are optimistic, and when they review the past, they tend to savor the high points,” say Diener and Biswas-Diener. Even if you weren’t born looking at the glass as half-full, with practice, a positive outlook can become a habit.

Say Thank You Like You Mean It
People who keep gratitude journals on a weekly basis are healthier, more optimistic, and more likely to make progress toward achieving personal goals, according to author Robert Emmons. Research by Martin Seligman, founder of positive psychology, revealed that people who write “gratitude letters” to someone who made a difference in their lives score higher on happiness, and lower on depression—and the effect lasts for weeks.

Get Out and Exercise
A Duke University study shows that exercise may be just as effective as drugs in treating depression, without all the side effects and expense. Other research shows that in addition to health benefits, regular exercise offers a sense of accomplishment and opportunity for social interaction, releases feel-good endorphins, and boosts self-esteem.

Give It Away, Give It Away Now!
Make altruism and giving part of your life, and be purposeful about it. Researcher Stephen Post says helping a neighbor, volunteering, or donating goods and services results in a “helper’s high,” and you get more health benefits than you would from exercise or quitting smoking. Listening to a friend, passing on your skills, celebrating others’ successes, and forgiveness also contribute to happiness, he says. Researcher Elizabeth Dunn found that those who spend money on others reported much greater happiness than those who spend it on themselves


مايكل  دبغي

الدكتور مايكل  دبغي مبدع من لبنان استطاع بفضل عبقريته أن يضيف العديد من الانجازات إلى حقل الجراحة القلبية ، اخترع القلوب الصناعية، مضخات القلب، زراعة القلب والعديد من العلاجات لمشاكل الشرايين والتجزئة، فضلا عن اكتشافه لطرائق متعددة لإجراء العديد من عمليات القلب التي ساهمت بدورها في إنقاذ ملايين البشر.      

في رصيد دبغي  الطبي ٦٣ ألف عملية جراحية  كما درب آلاف   الجراحين على مستوى العالم وعام ١٩٧٦ طلابه في العالم انشأوا كلية مايكل دبغي الجراحية الدولية وشغل دبغي منصب  مستشار كلية بيلور للطب،وانشأ مركز مايكل دبغي للتعليم المتعلق بالطب الإحيائي.

وكون دبغي سمعة  رائدة في مجال الطب  فعالج مشاهير وامراء ورؤساء دول، ولم يكتف بهذا بل عمل مستشاراً طبياً  لجميع رؤساء أميركا في الخمس عقود الماضية.

منح أوسمة مختلفة من عدة رؤساء وأبرزها وسام الحرية الرئاسي الأميركي عام ۱۹٦۹، وأيضا منحه الرئيس رونالد ريغان الميدالية القومية للعلم عام ۱۹۸۷، حصل على دكتوراه فخرية من جامعات عالمية مختلفة.

كرمه الرئيس الأمريكي نيكسون عام ١٩٧٣ في البيت الأبيض  قائلاً له :”أميركا مدينة لك، دعني أحضنك نيابة عن الملايين" حينها بكى الدكتور العبقري وتمنى لاري كينغ خلال تعليقه على دموع دبغي بأن تكون هذه الأخيرة سقطت بين يديه ليمسح بها قلبه المضطرب فيشفى .
وأنقذ دبغي العديد من الجنود والمدنيين في كوريا وفيتنام  من خلال تطوير المستشفيات العسكرية المتنقلة(آم. إي. آس. تش) كما غير دبغي مفاهيم الجراحة الطبية المتخصصة من خلال إدارة مركز المحاربين القدامى الطبي، وقاد حركة لإنشاء مكتبة قومية للطب والتي تعد الآن صرحا علميا مهما في واشنطن ومصدرا للبحوث والكتب المتخصصة التي يقصدها طلاب العلم من جميع أصقاع العالم، وأولى مايكل وقتا كبيرا للرعاية الصحية في دول العالم التي طافها وقدم في إرجائها محاضرات مختلفة.
توفي مايكل دبغي في هيوستن بتكساس  بتاريخ ١١ تموز ٢٠٠٨ وفاةً طبيعية عن عمر ناهز إل ٩٩ عام  تاركاً وراءه  إرث طبي عظيم وانجازات طبية لم يسبقه عليها أحد  … ويبقى لنا كلبنانيين الفخر الكبير بمبدع رفع اسم وطنه عالياً في دول الاغتراب.
أحمد خزعل
الأساسي السابع




توماس أديسون

ظهرت على اديسون علامات النبوغ منذ الصغر.
أحب اديسون المطالعة وخصوصا الكتب العلمية. وبدأ باجراء التجارب في مختبره.
تعب اديسون في حياته، فقد كان يعمل عشرين ساعة باليوم. ينفذ اختراعا تلو الاخر حتى سمّي "بساحر المدينة".
من أهم اختراعاته المصباح الكهربائي، وقد سجّل باسمه 1200 براءة اختراع، فاصبح أهم المخترعين في العالم، بسبب الارادة الصادقة والعمل الدائب.                                                                        جاد فاضل                         
  السابع الأساسي




How to make a Book Mark
You will need:
1. Scissors
2. Glitter
3. Chart paper
4. Markers or paints
5. Stickers

Take the chart paper, cut the sides in some funky shape, stick your favorite sticker on the top of the bookmark, decorate the sides and in the middle draw some nice picture with the glitter in a beautiful manner.

How to make a Pencil Holder
You will need: encil Holders
an empty vegetable can. Clean it and remove the label.
Have your parents smooth out all the rough edges from the lid.

You also need paint, glue, ribbon, and any photos you would like to apply. Paint your can any colors you would like.

Once your can is dry, you can glue the ribbon around the top of your can. Now you can decorate your can anyway you would like. Have fun!

American Academy of Beirut

Have a wonderful summer!!

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